There are about five thousand languages on our planet. And if European countries speak the same common English or Spanish, then others can use more complex (and in some cases the same demanded!) Systems of sound and graphic signs. In this rating – the most difficult languages in pronunciation and writing, over the study of which you will have to sweat a lot!
Opens the ranking of the world’s most difficult languages Polish. Poles rarely communicate with foreigners in a language that is not their native language. They may also fail to understand bad pronunciation and refuse to speak. There are 7 cases in Polish (for comparison, there are only 4 in German), there are also too many exceptions. Sometimes, in order to find logic and understand some strange rules, you have to first learn the language itself, and then return to the nuances.
Icelandic is one of the hardest languages in the world. Learning this language without the help of a native speaker is an almost impossible task. Archaic vocabulary and complex grammar, ancient declensions of nouns, preserved verb conjugations – all this is in Icelandic. In addition, for many phonemes, you cannot even find exact analogs in English! They can be learned by interacting with the native speaker or by listening to the original recordings. One plus is that a resident of Iceland will not want to hear a “clumsy” pronunciation from a foreigner – he will calmly switch to English, without warning.
Any Icelander can read the oldest Viking saga, even if it is over 1000 years old. The fact is that the language has practically not undergone any changes over the years – this is its enormous uniqueness. Well, and because of this, it is easier to learn it: in the next few hundred years, no rules will definitely be added!
There are 24 cases in this language. It cannot be compared to any Indo-European language as Basque is the oldest in Europe. It differs in the use of suffixes, prefixes, indices – everything in order to form new words. This language cannot be called analytical – it is rather synthetic. It is spoken by the Spaniards (about 660,000 people) and the French (much less – about 80,000 people). Most of the Basque speakers live (after immigration) in the Americas. Around the world, there are a million native speakers of this language.
Here we have an incredibly rigid case system that affects the behavior of words in a phrase. The Estonian language has 12 cases (many Slavic languages use only half of the indicated number). There are also many exceptions in it, and one word may have several meanings.
In wartime, the language was used to encode messages sent by radio. Bilingual radio operators speaking this language easily understood each other and successfully disseminated information. The data was encrypted very quickly, but the Japanese, despite their equally difficult language, could not make out the content of the messages. The bottom line is that there were no dictionaries or textbooks on the grammar of the Navajo language, there were only native speakers of the language.
Interesting and very difficult language due to the difference between writing and pronunciation. A person studying Japanese will not be able to learn to speak Japanese through reading instruction. It is noteworthy that this language is characterized by the presence of three different writing systems. You will have to learn about 10-15 thousand hieroglyphs in order to understand at least something. Moreover, the use of mnemonic techniques will not help here – only cramming. The surprises don’t end there: written Japanese is distinguished by the presence of two syllabic alphabets (for words and for suffixes).
In this language, there are 35 cases, a huge number of expressive idioms and suffixes. Hungarian is difficult to pronounce, because there are many vowels in it, their pronunciation is “throaty”. The alphabet consists of 40 letters, and if words of foreign origin, then four more are added. A considerable number of words are borrowed from Latin, there are also about ten dialects. The good news is that there is still a whole list of words similar to Russian.
The little-known language of the peoples of the eastern Amazon is unlikely to be learned by anyone at their leisure. It is beautiful in its own way, but incredibly difficult to pronounce, which is why it is in the top three of this rating. An easy sound system with simple consonants and several nasal vowels is compensated by the most complex agglutination, the presence of 50-140 noun classes and the need to use special verb endings.
This language ranks second in the ranking of the hardest in the world. This is because it is extremely difficult to write. Most of the letters are characterized by 4 spelling options, which depend on the position of the letters in the word. Complex sounds and even more complex words, three numbers of verbs in front of predicates, as many as 13 forms, three cases and two genders for nouns, and a huge number of dialects. If an English-speaking student encounters many familiar words in another European language, then in Arabic he will not see anything similar to his native English.
The hardest language to learn in the world is Chinese. China is the most populous country in the world. They begin to learn the language here in infancy, for several hours a day. The total number of characters in Chinese is more than 80 thousand. Each word is a separate symbol, and not phonetic. Thanks to the tonal system, life cannot be made easier either – in Chinese there are 4 tones, and there are still a huge number of homophones. However, many children in these same European countries choose Chinese as their second language to study.