Arachnids have appeared in prehistoric times. A huge number of their descendants still live on the planet. They lead a lifestyle hidden from anyone’s eyes. Nondescript small arthropods are more common in nature. Only the brightest spiders in the world got into the Top 10 – the largest spiders in the world, many of which are also the most dangerous.
10. Nephila edulis
The Nephila Gold Spider is the last in the ranking among large spiders. This creature can be found in Africa, Asia, South America and Australia. Trees are their home, and on branches they hang strong golden nets up to one and a half meters in diameter. This deadly web is able to keep not only insects, but also small birds. The female of the nephil-gold moth has a body of about 4 cm, and her total size is 13 cm, which is about 1.5 times more than males. The color of the spider is mainly yellow-green with reddish blotches. Its poison is toxic to humans, but does not pose a serious threat.
9. Tegenaria wall (Tegenaria parietina)
Wall tegenaria lives next to people, in dwellings and buildings. Its length is small up to 15 cm.However, it is impossible to call it small because of its too long curved limbs. It is very difficult to meet tegenaria in nature. This can only happen in caves in Africa or Asia. Color – pale brown, stripes blacken on the legs. The movements are fast, spasmodic. The female representatives are quivering mothers. They take care of the future generation and carry a cocoon with eggs on themselves until the spiders appear. Tegenaria is not poisonous, but due to its large size it has a frightening appearance.
8. Brazilian wandering spider (Phoneutria Brazil)
The Brazilian wandering spider is among the most venomous arachnids on Earth. Its poison is especially dangerous to humans. The body length is about 7 cm, the total length is 17 cm and more. These spiders are running and jumping. The latter in a jump overtake prey (lizards, bugs, small birds). Runners love to get into boxes, boots, hats. People living in South and Central America need to be vigilant.
7. Arabian Cerbalus (Cerbalus aravaensis)
Cerbalus of Arabia was discovered by zoologists in the recent past (in 2003). The size of this arachnid is up to 20 cm. As a rule, females are much larger than males. Cerbals live in the Arabian, Israeli, Jordanian sandy areas. Disguised as the color of the sand. They go out to hunt only at night, which explains their late discovery in science.
6. Giant baboon spider (Spider Hysterocrates)
The giant baboon spider is so named because of the similarity in the shape of the limbs to the paws of monkeys. In some individuals, the length of the abdomen is 13 cm, the total length with paws is 30 cm. The habitat is South America. The spider is poisonous, but does not attack first, but, as a rule, defends itself. At the same time, he stands on his hind legs and hisses like a snake. It hunts at night for butterflies, crickets, small mice, and does not disdain its relatives.
5. Purple tarantula (Xenesthis immanis)
His food addictions include not only birds, but also various insects, amphibians, and rodents. The purple tarantula is found in the rainforests of Colombia, where there are a huge number of different subspecies of this creature. The largest ones reach up to 34.5 cm in length. They have a beautiful black velvet color, their legs are purple or crimson. Purple spiders are harmless.
4. Camel spider
The camel spider, despite the name, is not related to mammals from the camelid family. The only thing that unites them is the presence of humps. Spiders have humps on their heads. This spider is also called solpuga, phalanx. The dimensions of large individuals of this species reach 30 cm. The color of the solpuga is dirty yellow. He is able to run fast and jump high. The head is equipped with powerful jaws. Salpuga catches rodents, birds, lizards. Although it is not poisonous, the bite is quite painful and can cause sepsis.
3. Salmon pink tarantula (Lasiodora parahybana)
The salmon-pink tarantula spider is very beautiful and interesting to watch. Therefore, people often keep it as a pet. His body is no more than 10 cm, fluffy, the middle is black, towards the edges smoothly turning into gray. Its shaggy limbs with pinkish inserts reach 30 cm. Habitat in nature – Brazil. Birds and reptiles serve as food for the pink salmon spider. He attacks his victim with lightning speed – no chances. For protection, he has poison on his hairline, which he shakes off, if necessary, raising his front legs. The poison burns a lot and can cause allergies.
2. Giant Crab Spider (Huntsman Spider)
The giant crab spider is so named because of the curved “crab” limbs, the total size of which is more than 30 cm. The body is about the same as that of other arachnids. He climbs trees perfectly, crawls through cracks, is able to move sideways, and everything is explained by the presence of unusual legs. Representatives of this species have coloration ranging from grayish to black-and-white, the cover of hairs is sparse. Females selflessly protect the offspring. This arthropod lives in Australia. It feeds on frogs, insects and invertebrates. Their bite is not fatal for a person, but there may be a headache, edema, vomiting.
1. Goliath birdeater
The tarantula goliath is in the honorable first place. It is the largest and most terrifying arachnid on Earth. The weight of the furry monster is about 200 grams, the span of the limbs is more than 30 cm, in its mouth it has poisonous fangs measuring 2.5 cm. The spectacle is not for the impressionable. The color of these arachnids is all shades of brown, the paws are covered with reddish hairs, and there are white transverse stripes. This arthropod species lives in South America. It hides in damp burrows half a meter deep. Goliath swiftly attacks victims, bites her with fangs and shakes off paralyzing poison from her hairs. For humans, the poison is not fatal, but it causes a strong allergic reaction. This giant feeds on amphibians, insects, and rodents. Contrary to the name, birds are hunted extremely rarely.