Most people do not like and are afraid of insects. Once inside the home, these small and nasty creatures can bring a lot of inconvenience. The very first and natural desire that arises at the sight of crawling, jumping and flying creatures is to get rid of them. However, there are some really large specimens from which you want to run without looking back. Our article presents the top 10 largest insects in the world. Looking at them, many will be horrified, and someone will choose a new pet.
Rejoice, they have nothing to do in Russia, the favorite habitat of these creatures is tropical forests. Despite this, one must know the enemy by sight.
10. Rhinoceros cockroach or burrowing cockroach
Our rating of the largest insects is opened by a burrowing cockroach. These huge cockroaches are native to Australia and are most commonly found in North Queensland. The females of these insects can be up to 8 centimeters long and weigh about 35 grams. They are real heavyweights, such an impressive weight can be compared to the weight of a sparrow. In addition, rhino cockroaches are long-livers, in nature they live up to 10 years.
They live in a leaf litter, they dig tunnels next to rotting leaves in the ground, so they are called burrowing. Cubs stay with their mother for up to 9 months, until they become independent. These cockroaches can be kept at home as they are very clean.
9. Giant centipede
This huge centipede lives in the rainforests of South America and can grow up to 30 centimeters in length. Its body is divided into 23 segments, each of which has one pair of paws with modified claws. The claws on the front pair of paws are connected to the venom glands. The poison is fatal to most small animals and toxic to humans.
Scolopendra is aggressive and attacks any creatures it manages to deal with. Interestingly, she has poor eyesight, so she relies on sensitive receptors. Scolopendra is a popular pet among invertebrate lovers.
8. Grasshopper Veta
One of the largest insects in the world is the Veta grasshopper. These representatives of New Zealand are otherwise called cave grasshoppers. They grow up to 9 centimeters in length and are also heavyweights. The weight of adults can reach 85 grams.
The gigantic size of the grasshoppers is due to the geographical isolation of the islands from the mainland. They have no enemies at all, so they do not change their appearance for many millions of years. There are no small mammals in New Zealand and grasshoppers have occupied their ecological niche.
However, in recent years, the number of Veta began to decline, as they became the object of hunting for Europeans who came to the islands.
7. Water scorpion
The seventh largest insect in the world is the water scorpion. Received this name for the external resemblance to a scorpion. The limbs in front are like pincers, and there is a tail in the back. But looking closely, it becomes clear that these are not claws, but legs, and the tail is two breathing tubes. The length of adults reaches 4.5 centimeters. Scorpions are well camouflaged, their appearance bears a striking resemblance to dead leaves floating on the surface of the water.
It is interesting that these predatory insects swim very poorly and practically do not fly due to underdeveloped wings. They live in reservoirs with stagnant water and dense vegetation. They can sit in ambush for hours and wait for their prey. They kill with a deadly bite.
6. Chang’s mega-stick
It has a striking appearance, it is completely unlike a living creature. It masterfully disguises itself as a regular twig and merges completely with the tree on which they live – an ideal natural camouflage and protection from enemies. The body length of the largest representative is 35 centimeters, and with outstretched paws – 56 centimeters.
Stick insects got their name in honor of the scientist Chen Zhaolun, who first began to study them. Scientists have found only three specimens of representatives of this species, their lifestyle has not yet been completely studied. The first specimen was found in 1989 in the forests of Kalimanjan Island. In 2008, the insect was transferred to the London Museum of Natural History.
This amazing giant insect is the largest known beetle living on Earth. Some specimens grow up to 22 centimeters long. No wonder he got into the Guinness Book of Records as the world’s largest beetle that lives in South America. It is of great interest to collectors, the larger the dried specimen, the more valuable and expensive.
The lifespan of titan woodcutters is 3-5 weeks. Amazingly, all their lives they do not feed at all, they have enough reserves accumulated in the larval stage.
It lives in the tropics of Southeast Asia, northeastern Australia, and the islands of Melanesia. Has an outstanding appearance and is a master of disguise. The leaf beetle has another name – “wandering leaves”. The appearance of this creature is one to one in shape and color similar to leaves. Predators have no chance of spotting a leaf calf if it is stationary. It can hang, attached to a branch like a leaf, and sway in the wind.
Body length does not exceed 12 and a half centimeters. Females are larger than males and differ from them in appearance. They move and move slowly, while males, on the contrary, are more active and can fly. An interesting fact: females can reproduce without the participation of a male, while only females are born. This phenomenon is called parthenogenesis. Therefore, there are much fewer females of males in leaf beetles. Even the eggs of these strange creatures resemble plant seeds.
Solpuga opens the top three largest insects in our ranking. Has many different nicknames, such as phalanx or camel spider. The word “solpuga” from Latin is translated as “escaping from the light of the sun.” This is true, since among the representatives of this species there are those who live during the day. However, they are mostly nocturnal.
These large insects with unpredictable behavior look like spiders, but they are not spiders. The structure and location of the limbs, the presence of chelicerae is similar to arachnids, they are all covered with long hairs. They carry a combination of the incompatible: a primitive structure, and a highly developed tracheal system. They grow up to 7 centimeters long.
The camel spider is an aggressive predator, it attacks everyone it can defeat. Aggression also manifests itself in relation to each other.
2. Chinese praying mantis
The Chinese mantis is the second largest insect in the world. Homeland China and other Asian countries. An adult grows up to 15 centimeters in length. Praying mantises have a peculiar relationship between the sexes. After mating, the females gnaw off the head of their partners.
Praying mantises are ferocious fighters against pests, flies and locusts. Therefore, they have won the universal love of the farmers. They are bred at home, they are picky, quickly get used to their owners, and can take food from their hands. Females are larger than males and can hunt small mammals, reptiles and small birds. The color of the praying mantis blends well with the environment; they can sit in ambush for a long time, remaining unnoticed.
1. Terafoza Blonda
Terafosa Blonda is the largest insect in the world, it is noted in the Guinness Book of Records. These spiders are found in the tropics of Guyana, Suriname, northern Brazil and southern Venezuela. The giants live in deep burrows, the entrance to which is expelled by cobwebs, and are nocturnal.
Another name for tarantula spiders. Looking at the photos of huge spiders, it becomes clear why there are people who are panicky afraid of them, suffering from arachnophobia. This phobia is one of the most common phobias. But there are people who keep them as exotic pets. They are unpretentious and tolerate captivity well. For collectors, they have a special appeal.
The first scientific description was made in 1804. In 1965, the largest representative of this species was found, its body length was 28 centimeters.