The fish world is surprisingly diverse. Among the species there are giant predators and harmless small fish that eat algae. The underwater oceanic world is not fully understood. The description of freshwater inhabitants is presented by scientists in more detail. Based on the data available to date, a ranking of the largest fish in the world has been compiled. A small overview presents the giants of the aquatic fauna over two meters in length. Each has a special disposition, taste preferences.
10. Moonfish (2 m)
The moonfish is distinguished by an unusual laterally flattened shape. Its weight reaches a ton and its brain is the size of a walnut. The giant feeds on plankton, fry, eggs and larvae of other fish. The moonfish does not have a traditional tail, but instead has a frill with a rounded body. There is a big fish in the warm waters of the seas. In Asian countries, delicacies are made from it, in Europe, Australia is not recognized due to the huge number of parasites in meat.
The largest moonfish was caught in Indonesia, its weight was 2.2 tons, its length was about 3 meters. A huge four-meter moonfish was seen near Sydney. They live separately, they flock into flocks only in the breeding phase. Each female lays up to a million eggs. They serve as food for many predators. The population of exotic fish on the planet is small.
9. Giant grouper or guassa (2.5 m)
Giant grouper from the family of marine fish “Serranidae” can be found on the coasts of Brazil, in the Caribbean Sea. Fishermen call the giants, which grow up to two and a half meters, by the affectionate word “guasa”. The maximum recorded weight of a predatory fish is 363 kilograms. It was exterminated for many years because of its tasty dense meat.
In recent years, grouper fishing has been prohibited, and the population is gradually recovering. The rock perch inhabits the coastal reefs and aggressively defends its territory. Differs in massive carcass, spiny gill covers. Eats turtles and fish.
8. Psefur or Chinese vislonos (3 m)
The river psefura, a large inhabitant of the main river of China, the Yangtze, is called “paddlefish” by Russian fishermen. A fish from the sturgeon family reaches three meters in length, has an elongated nose, reminiscent of a bird’s beak. Chinese individuals often weigh 200 kilograms. A mobile and large fish swims a lot, mouth wide open, plankton and small fish get into it. The registered record is 7 meters and 300 kilograms.
Paddlefish is an endangered species, with an increase in industrial emissions, the food supply of psefurs decreases. A variety of two-meter paddlefish is found on the North American continent in the Mississippi River basin.
7. Beluga (4.2 m)
The predatory Beluga is the largest representative of the sturgeon. In fiction there are descriptions of 10-meter specimens that were found in the Volga. The officially registered record is 4 meters 20 centimeters and weighs over a ton. A large body, baleen fish with a sharp nose, feeds alone, feeds on various types of fish, plankton. Inhabits inland seas, into which freshwater rivers flow (Caspian, Black, Adriatic, Azov). Spawning rises into river beds. There, the beluga becomes an object of interest to fishermen.
Beluga whales are artificially bred in Turkey, Bulgaria, on the banks of the Danube in Serbia. Large beluga is crossed with other representatives of sturgeon, resistant species are developed that can spawn near megacities.
6. Giant freshwater ray (4.5 m)
The giant freshwater ray is found in the muddy rivers of most of East Asia. Australia, New Guinea, Borneo. The largest river stingray was caught two years ago in China, its weight reached half a ton, the body length from nose to tip of tail was 4.5 meters.
On the tail of the fish there are dangerous spikes that shoot out poisonous needles in moments of danger. With a blow of the tail, the stingray pierces with a sharp thorn (up to 40 cm long) the skin of the bull, the bottom of the boat. Bathers and fishermen often become victims of stingrays. They are not engaged in special fishing for river rays, but these predators themselves fall into the nets during the pursuit of prey.
5.Som ordinary catfish (5 m)
Common or European catfish lives in deep pools, feeds on fresh meat, fish, carrion. The largest specimens of fish are capable of dragging bathers and small animals that have come to drink under the water. The largest catfish caught was five meters long and weighed half a ton. Fish is found in large rivers, ponds, lakes on all continents.
The long soft body of the predator is not covered with scales, the mouth of the fish is huge, the rows of teeth on the jaws resemble large brushes. The eyes of the catfish are small, well apart on the sides. Catfish flock into flocks only for the wintering period, up to 10 individuals are caught from one pool. For fish spawning, special nests are built. The last large individuals were recorded in Italy, on Lake Issyk-Kul, in France.
4. Blue marlin (5 m)
Handsome Atlantic blue marlin is able to change color in moments of danger, it becomes sky blue. The largest marlin fish reaches 5 meters in length, there are individuals up to half a ton in weight. Marlin is easily recognizable by its characteristic bluish tint of scales, a long, sharp nose, like a spear. The predator moves at a speed of up to 100 kilometers per hour; it is a great success to catch it on a spinning rod.
With a long nose, large fish are able to pierce a duralumin boat, the well-aimed rows of teeth resemble a file. Marlins hunt tuna, flying fish, crash into dense schools, stunning the fish with a powerful tail, swallowing it on the go. This marine predator is from the perch family. His meat is dense, juicy.
3. Great white shark (6 m)
The great white shark is the smartest predator, capable of moving at speeds up to 24 kilometers per hour. Large individuals up to eight meters in length have been spotted in the Pacific Ocean. Were caught 6-meter giants weighing about two tons. Basically, predators reach 4 or 5 meters in length, 1.2 tons in weight. They feed on large fish, turtles, birds.
In a period of unsuccessful fishing, they are ready to attack mammals. They often attack swimmers and divers. Fishing nets are often attacked. The white shark is mobile, aggressive, cunning. Even an iron cage does not always save divers. When sharks appear near the beaches, special ultrasonic scarers are lowered into the water, which act on the electromagnetic receptors of sharks.
2. Whale shark (10 m)
The whale shark can grow up to 15 meters in length, the weight of such a predator is about 2.5 tons. Mostly there are individuals up to 10 meters. The giants are inactive, the maximum speed is no more than 5 kilometers per hour. Large fish feed on plankton, behave peacefully with swimmers, allow them to ride on their flat back.
Whale shark meat is edible, the liver is prized for its high fat content. The shark’s skin is spotty, smooth, covered with dermal teeth – hard processes, there are up to 15 thousand of them. The muzzle of the largest shark fish is flattened, with a huge wide-open mouth. The fish lives in the warm waters of the Pacific, Indian, Atlantic Ocean. Numerous flocks have been seen off the Philippines and the East African coast.
1. Belt-fish or herring king (11 m)
The inedible sea giant belt-fish grows longer than 11 meters, while the body is no more than 10 cm thick and up to 50 centimeters wide. This fish is often mistaken for a water snake. It lives at a depth of up to one kilometer, swims in an upright position or holds the body at an angle to the horizon. For the red fluttering fins that form a crown on the head, and silvery dense scales, the fish is often called the herring king. It enters the nets along with the herring varieties of commercial fish.
A case of the capture of a 17-meter herring king was recorded, in the photograph it is held by 20 fishermen. The first descriptions were made in 1771, when the largest fish was washed ashore during a storm. The meat of the herring king is inedible, very bitter. Even animals do not eat it, and fishermen call it a waste fish belt.