Many people will definitely name the fastest animal in the world. And can someone tell you about the speed of movement of insects? These tiny creatures are giving us trouble. It is difficult to catch them, as insects move quickly. A high flight speed is simply vital for these small representatives of the fauna. Some people need speed to hunt, and some so escape from predators. We present a rating that lists the fastest insects in the world.
Due to its speed, locusts are ranked 10th in the ranking of the fastest insects in the world. The family of true locusts owes its name to the Turkic word for “yellow”. Swarms of locusts, whose bright color periodically terrifies farmers, are capable of moving at a speed of 20 km / h. At the same time, they devour everything in their path.
People know that locusts huddle together when solitary individuals lack food. Hunger forces millions of locusts to flock and seek food, flying over distances of up to 100 km.
Due to its jumping ability, the flea occupies the eighth line in the list of the fastest insects. Wild and domestic animals often suffer from the wingless parasites of the order of blood-sucking fleas. From the ancient Greek language, their name is translated as “pump”.
In the absence of wings, fleas have developed a unique jumping ability. Their musculature allows them to jump at a speed of almost 2 meters per second. Fleas are able to move very quickly over the body of an animal covered with thick hair.
8. Water meter
Water striders are known to be the fastest insects that live on the surface of the water. These representatives of the suborder of bedbugs are able to move at a speed of 4-5 km / h
In full compliance with Cassier’s law, the unique microwaves located on the feet of the water strider allow you to glide through the water. The body of the water strider remains completely dry. In slow motion footage, scientists observe the movement of a water strider, which is associated with the movements of a skater.
The hornet is the seventh fastest insect in the world. This is how the representatives of the genus of social wasps are called in Russia. The flight speed of hornets can reach 25-30 km / h.
The meaning of the word “hornet” leads to Indo-European roots. Biologists classify hornets as beneficial insects. They exterminate several hundred individuals of harmful insects. But they also kill honey bees.
Hornets feed on nectars and sugar-rich plants. They can often be seen on overripe fruits. There is a real danger of being stung when the hornet gnaws narrow tunnels in the most juicy fruits. They also hunt other insects of comparable size. Killing the victim, the hornet does not eat it, but turns it into a semi-liquid suspension and feeds it to the larvae.
These representatives of the order of Lepidoptera have a flight speed of up to 54 km / h, making them the sixth fastest insect in the list. The hawk moths are known to be the fastest butterflies. In some representatives of the species, the wingspan of adults reaches 150-160 millimeters.
Powerful musculature allows you to hang in the air. Therefore, hawk moths are often mistaken for small birds. With the available proboscis, reaching 20 centimeters in size, hawk moths are of great benefit to people by pollinating plants. There are hawk moths who prefer to hunt at night. Some representatives of the species are active during the day.
One of the fastest insects in the world is the well-known bee. From time immemorial, people have bred these beneficial insects. The honey produced by wild bees was the first delicacy of ancient people. Beekeeping is still an important branch of agriculture.
Delivering the collected nectar to the nest, the bee develops a speed of up to 30 km / h. With a bag not filled with nectar, the flight speed reaches 50-60 km / h. This is comparable to the speed of many vehicles.
Biologists have calculated that a bee travels 400,000 kilometers to produce a kilogram of honey. This is much longer than the equator.
Bees produce several foods that humans need. In addition to honey and wax, they supply us with bee bread, propolis, royal jelly, etc. Even dead individuals are used as medicinal products.
These fast insects of the Diptera family are well known to the villagers. The flight speed of an ordinary horsefly is 65 km / h. Horseflies parasitize livestock, causing trouble for farmers. Scientists estimate that reindeer spend up to 40% of the time looking for food. The remaining 60% are used to find shelter from horseflies.
Horseflies are common on all continents. The exception is Antarctica.
3. Horse beetle
The jumping beetle ranks third in the ranking of the fastest insects in the world. Representatives of the subfamily of ground beetles are capable of not only flying. They move quickly on the ground. Biologists call them the fastest land animals. Chasing prey, the jumping beetle is able to move at a speed of 2 m / s.
The villagers call the jumping beetles beneficial insects. One adult kills over 400 pests.
The beetle flies over short distances. Seeing the danger, he instantly rises into the air and flies to safety. Horses get their main food on the ground, trapping small insects and looking for larvae. The bright color of the horses’ shells made the horses desirable specimens in the collections of insect lovers.
The cockroach quite unexpectedly takes the second place in the top of the fastest insects. Representatives of this superorder are among the most ancient animals. Scientists believe that cockroaches have been around for millions of years. They successfully adapted to external conditions and have survived to this day. 55 species of cockroaches live on the territory of Russia.
Scientists suggest that the name comes from the Chuvash word “runaway”. This word captures the very essence. Fleeing from danger, the cockroach develops a speed of 5.4 km / h, which is equal to 50 lengths of its own body. With the size of cockroaches, this is a record figure.
Dragonflies are the fastest insects in the world. These predatory insects are capable of speeds up to 100 km / h. Today 6,000 species of dragonflies have been described. New species are added to the list every year.
Biologists have recently discovered an interesting fact. It turns out that the dragonfly does not catch up with its prey. She intercepts her at the point where the prey will be after a while. Calculating the intercept point requires coordinating the distance, direction and speed of the victim. Today, only powerful computers are able to instantly determine the point of interception.