The fauna of the earth is rich in various reptiles. Snakes live on all continents, in all natural systems: in deserts, forests, rocks and even under water. People are very afraid of snakes, endow them with mystical qualities. Is this fear justified? Are snakes so dangerous? Only a quarter of two and a half thousand species have the ability to use toxic poison. Their poisons act in different ways: some have a destructive effect on the tissues of living beings, others paralyze the muscles of all body systems of the victim. Introducing the ten most venomous snakes in the world.
Rattlesnakes are found in North, Central and South America. They are all poisonous, and the bite of some rattlesnakes can be fatal. They got their interesting name due to the presence of a rattle – a thickening in the tail. When danger approaches, the tail begins to vibrate and crackle. All nearby animals immediately guess what this crack means.
The venom of this snake has a hemotoxic property: it causes coagulopathy (blood stops clotting), and also causes the death of organs and tissues. From its effects, the neck muscles of a person become hard like a stone. The most toxic of the rattlesnakes lives in North America – diamond. One bite from this reptile would be enough to kill 15,000 mice. From its poison, not only hemorrhage can occur, but paralysis of the muscles of the respiratory system.
There is a chance to reduce the probability of a fatal outcome to 4%: it is necessary to provide the victim with timely medical assistance. But the scar from the bite will still remain.
Curious! It is believed that baby rattlesnakes are more dangerous than mature individuals, because they do not know how to regulate the amount of venom they throw out.
9. Australian Ridgeback
Ridgeback has a triangle-shaped head. It is not very long and graceful. This resembles a rattlesnake. But the properties of the poisonous substance in its glands affect living organisms in a different way.
This reptile does not hesitate to feast on its congeners. Attacks the snake from a secret place. Death from the attack of the Australian Ridgeback occurs as a result of the cessation of paralyzed breathing. Its venom is neurotoxic. Death can occur in six hours if antivenom is not administered. Antivenom relieves the main symptoms and relieves the victim’s condition. The chance to survive without using the drug is no more than 50%.
Interesting! Throwing time of Ridgeback is 0.13 seconds.
The family of vipers represents over 200 species. They are common all over the world, including Russia. To survive the cold and lack of food, the vipers hibernate for the winter. They hibernate in underground burrows, sometimes gathering in tangles of several dozen individuals.
Fact! The common viper is the only snake that lives in the Arctic Circle.
Sandy Efa is considered the most poisonous of the vipers. She lives in India and China. Its feature is the ability to become more active after rain. Stays in wait for the victim, burrowing in the sand or fallen leaves.
The vipers have such long poisonous teeth that, closing their mouths, they are forced to bend them back with a point. These teeth at the base are equipped with special joints that act like hinges.
Interesting! The longest poisonous teeth have the Gabonese viper. Their length can be up to 5 m.
The heart of the bitten victim begins to beat more slowly, the pressure gradually decreases. The affected area swells, begins to hurt, possibly bleeding. The victim experiences pain throughout the body, this pain can be felt for up to 2 months. The sad outcome can be death from respiratory arrest in 1-2 weeks.
7. Philippine Cobra
This beauty cannot be confused with anyone: the wide-open hood looks very impressive and formidable. There are many species of cobras on earth. The longest venomous snake in the world is the king cobra. And the Filipino is considered the most poisonous cobra. A disturbed cobra raises the front of the body so high above the ground that it can look into the eyes of a person.
Its venom is neurotoxic. Death from a bite occurs very quickly – within half an hour, as the respiratory and cardiovascular systems are paralyzed. In this case, the damage on the skin is almost invisible. Convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea are observed.
Interesting! The “spit” of the venom of the Philippine cobra can cover a distance of 3 meters.
6. Tiger snake
The tiger snake belongs to the snake family. Many snakes inhabit Australia and the neighboring islands. They differ greatly in appearance, but they all have a common feature – an extremely strong poison.
The body of Australian tiger snakes can be brown, black or olive in color with light rings. Individuals living in cool areas are usually dark in color: the darker the surface, the better it absorbs heat.
The tiger snake does not miss. The animal dies on the spot. The affected person feels local pain, numbness. A few hours later, the action of the neurotoxic poison does its job: paralysis of the muscles of the respiratory system and cardiac arrest.
5. Black mamba
There are only 4 types of mambas living on the earth. They all live in Africa. The extremely venomous bite makes the local population both fear and respect mambas.
In fact, the black mamba is very rare. It owes its name to the black color of the mouth. It is the longest venomous snake in Africa: up to 4 meters. Black mambas sometimes take a fancy to some cozy hiding place. This can be a hollow, a crevice among stones, or even a thatched or reed roof of a house.
Fact! The black mamba is the fastest snake. When attacking, it can move at a speed of more than 20 km / h.
The black mamba is a very “nervous” snake, ready to attack at the slightest danger. Even moving very quickly, she raises her head and neck off the ground so that she can hit the enemy at any time.
The venom of this snake is very dangerous! One bite is enough to injure up to 25 people. If antivenom is not administered, the chance of death is 100%. The victim feels a sharp pain at the site of the lesion. Then his consciousness begins to get confused, a split appears in his eyes, and tremors and convulsions appear in his body. Nausea, vomiting, and finally respiratory arrest, coma and death are added very quickly. This will take no more than half an hour.
4. Taipan coastal
Taipan is a representative of the asp family. This largest poisonous inhabitant of Australia and New Guinea is very dangerous to humans. To the delight of local residents, he prefers sparsely populated areas and is not common. This is a very large reptile. Taipan’s poisonous teeth are larger than 1 cm. The amount of poison in one individual can be up to 400 mg.
Taipan’s poison is deadly. One serving is enough to kill 12 adults. There are no known cases of survivors of his attack prior to the invention of the antidote. If you quickly provide medical assistance, you will still not be able to avoid the intensive care unit. The poison has not only neurotoxic, but also coagulopathic properties, promotes the instant formation of blood clots and vascular occlusion.
3. Malay blue krait
This snake is found in Indonesia and Southeast Asia. The Malay krait is a nocturnal predator. Loves to hunt other snakes. Having made a bite, the krait does not release the victim, but presses with its jaws several times so that the poison penetrates as deeply as possible.
This poison is a powerful neurotoxin. It is much stronger than that of a cobra. 16 times! From its action, paralysis occurs very quickly. Half a day is enough for a fatal outcome.
2. Brown king or mulga
Another representative of the aspids, mulga lives in Australia. This is the owner of a beautiful brown color and a wide neck. During the attack, the neck enlarges but does not form a hood.
The poison is very dangerous. One bite can contain 150 mg. Even juveniles, immature, are deadly. But the brown king does not always release poison, and not every bite can be fatal. It can chase its prey for a long time, repeatedly biting it. Having met the brown king, it is better not to move, because his reaction to movement is lightning fast.
1. Taipan McCoy or the ferocious snake
Australia … Home to the most venomous snakes on our planet. Taipan, a fierce snake, a cruel snake – so many names were given to her by man because of the aggressiveness, speed and power of the poison. This is the most dangerous snake in the world! Taipan bites still kill every second victim in the Australian state of Queensland. Taipan McCoy lives on the mainland, in the desert and lowland parts of Australia.
The snake attacks the victim with lightning speed, without a miss and hits repeatedly.
Taipan is the most venomous snake living on earth. Cobra venom is 200 times weaker. With one bite, a taipan can kill nearly 300,000 mice or 100 people.
Belcher’s sea snake
She is out of our rating. This is the holder of the title of the most venomous snake on the planet. Taipan’s poison is 100 times weaker than Belchera’s. A drop of its poison is enough to kill several hundred adults.
Belcher is a dovetail. Spends all his life in water. Its habitat is Southeast Asia and the reservoirs of Northern Australia. These snakes cannot move on the ground and, thrown ashore, quickly perish. They are quite peaceful and rarely use their deadly weapons: only a quarter of the bites contain poison. People hardly suffer from meetings with the belcher. The reason is only the carelessness of the fishermen during the extraction of the catch from the nets.